Palm tree chandelier

Gilded bronze and cut crystal
Vienna, early 20th century
H : 35 7/16 in ; D: 35 7/16 in
Bibliography : Model shown in the exhi- bition “Lumières, je pense à vous”, from June 3 to August 5, 1985, at the Centre Pompidou, reproduced in the catalog, page 123.


Viennese architect and designer, Josef Hoffmann has marked the history of design with his modernist creations. Rejecting all recall to the traditional styles of the past by its geometric shapes, rectilinear and clean cubist spirit, it always favors beautiful furniture, functional and functional. Follower of Otto Wagner, Josef Hoffmann became one of the leaders and the spokesperson of Viennese secession from its creation in 1897. With Koloman Moser, he founded the Wiener Werkstätte, a private workshop able to make furniture and household objects intended for mass production. This concept of craft workshops is inspired by William Morris’s English Arts and Crafts movement and Charles Rennie Mackintosh’s Glasgow School in Scotland. His rationalism, source of the modern movement, is perfectly illustrated in his “Sitzmaschine” or “Machine to sit”, an armchair of industrial inspiration, that he creates in 1905 and that produces the firm Jacob & Joseph Kohn from 1908.